This is a beautiful story of the Mapuche Indians also known as Los Araucanos. This name was given by the Spanish referring to the place of origin, the historical region of Araucanía or Arauco.
A long time ago, in the south of Chile, along the Andes mountains, a tribe of indigenous Mapuches was established, they created and conditioned their houses in caves, at that time the Indians did not possess great knowledge, they lived on what Mother Nature Provided.
Their diet was based on meats of native animals and fruits of the thicket, they were very good hunters, they dedicated great pate of the day to the hunting of animals, with these meats fed to their families, the leather was used to create coats that protected Of the low temperatures of the place.
They were very early birds, they came early to hunt in the first light of day, beings very responsible for the eco system, careful and respectful of the resources of mother nature, they only hunted and harvested for the day's consumption, the main motive to go hunting daily.
Very organized Indians, all their activities were performed during the light of the sun, they would never do any activity at night, very afraid of the darkness, never left their homes after dark.
One night the cacique named Caleu settled in to see the stars and the moon at the entrance of his cave while his family rested, took advantage of the tranquility in which the night presented itself, enjoyed the beautiful light of the moon and the glow of The stars, being amazed by this discovery, a very strong light left him unable to see for a few seconds, saw as a large star with long tail that ran the sky from Pikun Mapu (north) to Willi Mapu (south).
Very frightened he feared to be punished to be disobedient of the hands of the supreme mapuche NGENECHEN, not knowing what it was about entering quickly to his cavern, he could not sleep all night, he thought that what he had observed, not knowing with whom to consult Not to turn the village into chaos, I keep it as a secret until I know what it was.
As usual, when the sun went out, all of them continued their duties, the indigenous men went to hunt animals for food, women and children went to collect fruits from the forest in the mountains, it was soon after winter, Cautious women began to anticipate the climatic problems gathering more fruits than usual.
Being very concentrated in gathering the fruits, the women or the children noticed the passage of time and surprised them the night in the mountain, tried to go down but in the dark of the night they were impossible to find the road that took them to its region .
Caleu's wife who was in the women's group, as a good leader decided to find a shelter to spend the night, I look for a cave and there women and children took refuge, let the time pass and wait for the first rays of light, of This way to undertake his return to the town.
While in the shelter, Caleu's wife, the bravest, stood at the entrance of the cavern to be a guardian. It was then that the night became day and she saw the great long-tailed star that went from north to south, the same That had seen Caleu the previous day, but this time was different to the step of the star was heard a great thunder, after the loud sound began to fall stones, before this situation the woman of caleu took shelter inside the cavern and to the far could To see how the stones that fell when they hit the stones of the mountain made sparks.
While in the cavern a great blow was heard, a huge stone colliding with the mountain made a great flash, the stone rolled to a dry tree that had fallen to the ground and with the sparks began to ignite, this great light began to To illuminate the place, the stones ceased, the women explorers went out to see what that magic light was about, they approached very slowly with some fear, they calmed down when the light began to warm them and to protect them from the cold temperatures, there the woman Of Caleu gave thanks to the supreme Mapuche NGENECHEN, for this beautiful gift, and with more confidence women and children sat around the fire to spend the night next to the magic light and welcoming.
The Mapuche men, who were very concerned about their families, decided to go to the mountains to find them. They took as a guide the great light that descended from the top of the mountain. They came up with their weapons ready to give battle to anything I challenged in their ways, When they arrived they could see their relatives around the magic light, they were happy and very warm by the flames of the fire.
The wise Caleu decided to explore the magical light and could see how the light could be passed from branch to branch, seeing this the indigenous men began to do the same and used these branches to illuminate their paths towards the village.
When arriving at the village a great party was organized in the name of the supreme mapuche NGENECHEN, to give thanks to this wonderful gift, in full party the brave woman of Caleu began to relate the daring of the trip, comment as the rain of stone gave rise to the Fire with its sparks, on hearing this Caleu took two stones and a dry branch, choco stones between them long a spark and set fire to the branch, all the natives shouted of joy and celebration.
This was how the Mapuche chief Caleu discovered the fire that we called the weiwiñkütral from that day they ceased to fear the darkness, the villages were illuminated at night with a great fire that they called kütralwe.